Two Conductor Vs Four Conductor Cable Humbuckers

Posted on by Peter

Les Paul Top Wrap

The original humbucking pickups designed by Seth Lover in the 1950s were elegantly simple. By combining two pickup coils instead of simply using one (with pole piece magnets of one coil oriented in the opposite direction to the other), Lover’s design cancelled out the buzz and hum that plagued existing single coil designs, leaving in its place a fuller, rounder tone which changed the future of guitar.

For many years, the humbucker sound suited players just fine. You were either a humbucker player or a single coil player, and if you wanted to switch from a humbucker sound on one song to a single coil sound on another you needed to pick up another guitar. And this is where the four-conductor cable humbucker comes in. By including ‘start’ and ‘finish’ wires for each individual pickup coil of a humbucker, these coils can be combined or separated by a switch or pot.

There are many reasons to do this: to access single coil sounds by sending the output of one coil to ground (effectively turning it off); or to connect the pickups in parallel instead of series (similar to having two single coils very close together); some players even have one of the two coils wired to a potentiometer so that they can blend as much or as little of it with the other as they like. There are plenty of wiring diagrams for different options here.

Many Seymour Duncan humbuckers (such as the APH-1 and TBAPH-1 Alnico II Pro) feature four-conductor cable as standard, but many others can be ordered with this feature even if their spec sheet calls for two-conductor cable. Examples include the SH-55 Seth Lover and the SH-1 and TB59 ’59 model, each of which offer vintage-inspired tones. Pair these pickups with elaborate switching, as Joe Gore does in the ‘Pagey Project’ video below using a set of ’59s, and you can access a range of series, parallel, single coil and out-of-phase tones.

If you’re ordering a new pickup, it’s worth it if a four-conductor version can be made, even if you have no current plans to implement these mods; you never know what you’ll feel like doing in the future!

Written on July 16, 2012, by Peter

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Comments (5)

  • Peter • 6 years ago

    Not that it bothers me – all the passive duncans i own are 4 con – why not make all passive duncan humbuckers 4 conductor as standard?

    Seems silly, for instance, that the standard alnico II pros are 4 con, but the slash version of that pickup is only 2 con – I’m sure plenty of more vintage guys wouldn’t mind having 4 conductor stock versions of the ’59, seth, and slash alnico II pro.

    • Peter • 6 years ago

      Logical question. When we first started and to this day, when we say something is vintage, we want it to be as closely vintage as possible. that’s why the ’59 and Seth lover hum buckets come with the old single conductor wire with the distinctive braided shielding you see on the outside.

      They can be ordered as. “shop floor customs” if you want

      Been here forever cathy

  • Peter • 6 years ago

    Quick questions
    1. So I can coil split a couple Distortions, either 6 or 7 string versions, yes?
    2. Do Distortions come stock with 4 conductor?
    3. Does it cost extra to ask for 4 conductor wiring if it isn’t stock?
    4. If so, how much?

  • Peter • 6 years ago

    I have a pair of SH-1s split on my Les Paul. It isn’t something I use all that often but the tonal diversity when I do is really nice. Do you want the 8 color crayon box or the 64 color crayon box?

  • Peter • 6 years ago

    I have a Les Paul with 4 conductor SH-1s. Love ’em. Lots of tonal variety there. I recently picked up a used 2014 SGJ that has ’61 Zebra humbuckers. Apparently the coil winding on that pickup is asymetrical giving the humbuckers more of a single coil flavor. While obviously not as diverse tonally as the SH-1s in my LP. I really like the ’61 Zebra tone. Maybe Duncan can improve upon that theme?

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